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Understanding the Difference between Dry Scalp and Dandruff


Too many people suffer from depleting hair quality and scalp related issues, today, with about half of the world’s population suffering from dandruff. Dandruff and dry scalp are closely related, with similar symptoms. People often mistake one for the other and this is the reason why the real problem often goes unaddressed. If you too are suffering from scaly, off-white flakes and itchiness, read on to know the difference between dry scalp and dandruff, and what the true underlying problem is.

What is dry scalp?

Dry scalp is a scalp condition that is triggered by excessive loss of moisture from skin. It is usually caused by the indiscriminate use of harsh soap and detergents, or by washing the hair with water high in mineral content. Excess consumption of caffeine also leads to dry scalp. Symptoms of dry scalp include itchiness and small flakes that are easy to come off. Your skin probably feels tight if you have a dry scalp.

What causes dry scalp?

Sebum is essential to the well-being of your scalp. Not only does it keep your scalp hydrated, but it also protects it from fungal and bacterial attacks. A dry scalp is caused when the pH level of the sebum is disturbed, and most of the moisture of the scalp is lost. The skin then becomes susceptible to infection.

Treating dry scalp

For DIY methods, you can try dry scalp remedies at home by rinsing the hair with apple cider vinegar or seek expert treatments for dry scalp. It is important to clean up the build-up of shampoos and other products. Every once a while, one should massage the scalp with Jojoba, Olive or Argan oil.

What is dandruff?

While dry scalp is caused by a lack of sebum, dandruff is caused by an excess of it. Dandruff can be mild or severe. The flakes are bigger, greasy, and yellow in color, causing itchy scalp.

What causes dandruff?

Dandruff is often caused by poor lifestyle choices. If you’re not getting proper sleep, are suffering from stress, and regularly binge on sugar and starch-based foods, chances are that the flakes on your scalp are from dandruff. However, it is also caused by hormonal imbalances and hereditary tendencies. Overusing hair products, like shampoos, creams, and gels, or exposing one’s hair to flat irons and hot hair curlers.

Treating dandruff

Dandruff is a condition that affects many. There are ways to prevent it, or keep it from getting aggravated. Visit a quality hair treatment at PHS Hairscience to restore the essential oils and vitamins lost in the hustle and bustle of a busy life, and use shampoos with salicylic acid or coal tar. This is an effective way to inhibit the growth of the yeast.