I have dandruff. What do I do now?
Dandruff can pose as an inconvenience in both personal and work settings. The white flakes are extremely visible on dark-coloured clothing and can be seen clearly on the hair too. They can be unsightly and makes one insecure about their outward appearance. So, if you have a problem with dandruff – what can you do?
What is dandruff?
Let us first understand how dandruff is formed. Dandruff is a result of a skin/ scalp condition called Seborrheic Dermatitis. This is a chronic form of eczema and often affects the scalp which makes it red, itchy, and scaly. The scaly part flakes off and this is the dandruff that we see and are worried about.
So, what causes Seborrheic Dermatitis?
There are two main factors that cause this particular skin condition:
Malassezia is a type of yeast that is naturally found on the scalp and it can sometimes multiply abnormally. This leads the skin to produce an excessive amount of oil. An accumulation of this oil build-up will result in Seborrheic Dermatitis which then produces dandruff.
Factors that induce malassezia include:
2. Overproduction of oil
Using the wrong hair products or not washing our hair frequently enough can also lead to an overproduction of oil by our scalp. Excessive amount of oil our scalp irritates it and causes it to become red and greasy, which in turn produces dandruff.
What do we do when we have dandruff?
Typically, we only know we have dandruff when we see white/ yellow flakes on our clothing or our hair. But did you know that the white flakes can also be caused by a dry scalp? Thus, the first step is to identify accurately the root of the problem – are these white flakes part of a dandruff condition or a dry scalp.
Difference between dandruff and a dry scalp
One way to tell the difference between a dandruff condition or a dry scalp issue is by observing the appearance of the flakes. Almost always, dandruff is characterised by oily or sticky, whitish to yellowish flakes and dry scalp — dry, powdery or crusty flakes.
Dandruff Scalp Treatments
Next, having ascertained that the flakes are dandruff, here are 2 recommended steps that you can take to treat it:
1. Use a shampoo that is designed to treat dandruff
PHS HAIRSCIENCE ADV Purify Shampoo is a gentle shampoo for dandruff-prone and oily scalps. This ultra-gentle shampoo uses a hypoallergenic formula that contains no harmful additives and purifies the scalp by eliminating dandruff flakes and removing excess sebum. The salicylic acid in this scalp shampoo also gently dislodges unhealthy oil build-up to prevent dandruff.
2. Start a hair scalp treatment
PHS HAIRSCIENCE H2 Advance Scalp Repair Treatment is one of the best scalp treatments in Singapore that combines the best of science and nature to treat common scalp disorders like dandruff and scalp oiliness.
The treatment is a multi-stage process that involves using molecular hydrogen to penetrate the scalp at the deepest level to purify it by eliminating free radicals and reducing oxidative damage.
This treatment helps to calm and soothe the scalp for immediate relief from inflammation and irritation, as well as protect the scalp from future bacterial and yeast infections, thus eliminating the occurrence of dandruff. You will leave with your scalp health restored to its optimum state.
Different skin and hair types requires different care.
If you are unsure if the white flakes you are seeing are dandruff or caused by a dry scalp, book an appointment with us to speak to our certified hair consultants to get an expert in-depth scalp health diagnosis and most appropriate treatments for your scalp today.